The Story Behind the First Home Refrigerator

Home refrigerators are a common appliance in most households today. However, it wasn’t always this way. In this article, we will explore the evolution of home refrigerators from their invention to the present day, focusing on the first home refrigerator and its history.

What is the origin of the refrigerator?

The concept of refrigeration dates back to ancient times, when Egyptians and Romans stored ice and snow in underground pits to keep food fresh. However, modern refrigeration was not developed until the 19th century, when it was discovered that the compression and expansion of gases could be used to cool air.

In 1856, Australian inventor James Harrison patented the first mechanical refrigeration system. This system used vapor compression to cool air and was primarily used in the food and beverage industry.

When was the home refrigerator invented?

The first home refrigerator was invented in 1913 by American engineer Fred W. Wolf. Wolf designed a refrigerator that used an electric compressor to cool air and keep food fresh. This refrigerator was the precursor to modern refrigerators and laid the foundation for mass production of home refrigerators.

What was the first refrigerator?

The first mass-produced home refrigerator was the “Domelre,” manufactured by Swedish company AB Arctic in 1922. This refrigerator used an electric compressor to cool air and had a capacity of 40 liters. Although it was small, the Domelre was a significant advancement in home refrigeration technology and paved the way for mass production of home refrigerators.

How was the refrigerator invented?

The home refrigerator was invented as a solution to the problem of food preservation. Before the invention of the refrigerator, food was stored in cool places such as basements or underground pits. However, this was not an ideal solution, as food spoiled quickly and could not be stored for long periods of time.

The first home refrigerator was designed to solve this problem. It used an electric compressor to cool air and keep food fresh for longer periods of time. As refrigeration technology advanced, refrigerators became larger and more sophisticated, and new features such as built-in freezers, ice and water dispensers, and automatic defrost technology were introduced.

The evolution of home refrigerators


In the 1920s, home refrigerators began to be mass-produced and became a common appliance in American households. These early refrigerators were small and had a capacity of around 40 liters. Although they were limited in size, they were a significant improvement over previous food preservation methods.


In the 1930s, the first refrigerators with built-in freezers were introduced. These refrigerators allowed consumers to store frozen food at home for the first time. Although the freezers were small, they were a significant improvement over previous food preservation methods.


In the 1950s, the first automatic refrigerators with ice and water dispensers were introduced. These refrigerators were larger and more sophisticated than previous models and offered greater convenience for consumers. Ice and water dispensers became a standard feature in modern refrigerators.


In the 1970s, the first refrigerators with automatic defrost technology were introduced. These refrigerators used an automatic defrost system to prevent ice buildup in the freezer. This eliminated the need to manually defrost the freezer and made refrigerator maintenance easier.


In the 1990s, the first refrigerators with French doors and drawers for fruits and vegetables were introduced. These refrigerators offered greater storage capacity and better organization of food. French doors became a popular feature in modern refrigerators and offer greater accessibility to food.

Present day

Today, home refrigerators are equipped with advanced technology such as touch screens, Wi-Fi connectivity, and smart cooling systems. These refrigerators offer greater convenience and energy efficiency for consumers.

Our advice

As refrigeration technology has advanced, home refrigerators have become more sophisticated and efficient. If you are looking to purchase a new refrigerator, be sure to consider your storage needs and the features that are important to you, such as freezing capacity, ice and water dispensers, and energy efficiency. With the wide variety of options available on the market, you are sure to find the perfect refrigerator for your home.